The National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI) had its primordial origin as Shika Stock Farm established in 1928 by the Northern Region Department of Agriculture. The primary objective of the farm was to produce “by selective breeding, male stock for use as stud bull by native stock owners”. Research on sown pastures and range management was started in 1954 on the station and by October 1962, the farm was upgraded to Shika Research Station under the Institute for Agricultural Research and Special Services, Samaru which became part of the Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

Staff of the Shika Research Station became closely linked with the Faculties of Veterinary Medicine and of Agriculture with the research staff involved in teaching and supervision of students at all levels. Shika Research Station became a semi-autonomous Research Institute i.e. National Animal Production Research Institute (NAPRI), as a result of the promulgation of Degree No. 35 of 27th August 1973 and the enactment of the Research Institute Establishment, order of November 1975 by the Federal Government of Nigeria. The take-off of the Institute was on 1st July, 1976 with its headquarters in Shika.

Key Mandates

List of mandates Linkages with other organizations
1. Genetic and reproductive improvements of:
Livestock species – cattle, sheep, goats, swine, poultry, rabbits, etc.
i) Integrated Dairy Farms in Vom on improving milk production in indigenous cattle and their crosses with Friesian breed.

ii) Kaduna Hatchery in the hatching of Shika Brown eggs to produce commercial chicks by the hatchery for sale to the public.

iii) Obasanjo Farms on poultry breeding and artificial insemination in cattle.

iii) International Foundation for Science (IFS), Sweden Funded a project on germ plasma identification.

iv) International Federation on Agricultural Development (IFAD)- Supply of proven improved sheep and goats to upgrade smallholder flocks of IFAD collaborating farmers.

v) Linkage with McArthur Foundation in biotechnology

2. Introduction, selection, propagation and utilization of natural and sown pastures for livestock production. i) Nagari Farm in Nassarawa State on provision of feeds and pasture seeds.

ii) Obasanjo Farms on pasture development.

iii) Individual farmers

iv) Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs)

3. Develop animal nutrition packages for maintenance and production of all classes of food animals i) Bioorganics Ltd in evaluating feed additives for increasing performance in livestock

ii) International Institute for Agricultural Research (IITA) collaborative on-farm crop-livestock research on low input cereal and legume/crop production.

iii) Feed industries

4. • Improve meat and dairy products technologies by:

Developing appropriate technologies for utilisation of animal by-products including use of faeces or animal dung in biogas technology.

designing and fabricating labour saving devices for livestock production

improving reproductive efficiency of livestock through artificial insemination (A.I) and control of reproductive problems.

conducting farming systems technologies, using livestock diagnostic surveys and integration of crops and agro-forestry into livestock production systems.

investigating socio-economic problems of animal production, and in particular the production of meat, milk, and other dairy products.

investigating other problems related to animal production, feed and nutrition.

i) International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna, Austria – Funding of some projects.

ii) International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada – Funded project on a) Ethnoveterinary practices of Pastoralists and on-farm supplementation trials; b) Evaluation of dairy potentials of Sahel and Red Sokoto Goats

iii) International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya & Ethiopia Collaboration on Peri-Urban Dairy Production and other crop-livestock systems projects.

iv) International Federation Development Centre (IFDC)- Collaboration on Sub-Saharan Challenge Programme (SSCP)/Kano/Katsina/Maradi (KKM) Pilot sites. Finance through the International Fund on Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Key Achievements

 

Mandates Measurable Impacts
1. Genetic and reproductive improvements of:
Livestock species – cattle, sheep, goats swine, poultry, rabbits, etc.
i) A poultry parent line for egg production to meet national demands for hatchable eggs has been developed. The strain has been released and known as SHIKA BROWN.

ii) Upgrading of indigenous cattle through crossbreeding with exotic animals has produced crossbred animals with a genetic potential of about 70% higher milk yield than the indigenous breeds.

iii) Management interventions for reducing the age at first conception and re-breeding interval have been developed.

iv) The productivity of indigenous cattle, sheep and goat breeds has been evaluated. Breeds and management procedures suitable for extensive and intensive production systems in the different ecological zones have been identified and practical guidelines for farmers have been formulated.

v) Management strategies to increase conception rates of cattle and sheep have been developed.

2. Introduction, selection, propagation and utilization of natural and sown pastures for livestock production. i) Pasture species suitable for the different ecological zones in Nigeria have been identified. Seeds of these species are being produced by NAPRI for use by livestock farmers: A package for establishing and managing these pastures has also been developed for farmers use.
3. Develop animal nutrition packages for maintenance and production of all classes of food animals i) Rations based on locally available agro-industrial by-products and waste products to meet optimum production in poultry, swine and ruminant animals have been developed.

ii) Supplementation and treatment of crop residue aimed at improving the nutritive value and palatability/acceptability of crop residues for ruminant feeding have been developed.

4. Improve meat and dairy products technologies by:

developing appropriate technologies for utilisation of animal by-products including use of faeces or animal dung in biogas technology.

designing and fabricating labour saving devices for livestock production

improving reproductive efficiency of livestock including artificial insemination (A.I) and control of reproductive problems.

conducting farming systems technologies, including livestock diagnostic surveys and integration of crops and agro-forestry into livestock production systems.

investigate socio-economic problems of animal production, and in particular the production of meat, milk, and other dairy products.

investigating other problems related to animal production, feed and nutrition.

i) Introduction of developed research technologies into the farming systems of small-scale producers.

ii) Introduction of dairy goat production system suitable for small scale producers.

iii) Optimum protein and energy levels and mineral requirements for all categories of poultry in the tropics.

iv) Locally fabricated milk churning equipment to improve the consistency of yoghurt.

Livestock benchmark data available for technologic intervention.

visit their website: www.napri-ng.org

Research & Development
Capacity Strengthening
Policy Making

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