INTENSITY OF FOOD INSECURITY IN RURAL HOUSEHOLDS OF KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
Muhammad-Lawal, A.* and O. A. Omotesho
Department of Agricultural Economics and Farm Management
University of Ilorin, P.M.B. 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria
*E-mail addresses: lawaz71@yahoo.com; lawalazeez@unilorin.edu.ng

Journal of Applied Agricultural Research 2010, 2: 11-19
ISSN 2006-7496
© Agricultural Research Council of Nigeria, 2010
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ABSTRACT

This study evaluated food insecurity status as well as the determinants of the severity of food insecurity in rural households of Kwara State. Data for this study were obtained from a total of four hundred and eleven respondents selected through a two-stage simple random sampling technique. The tools of analyses employed are the Food Security Index (FSI) and the Tobit Regression Model. The study shows that 65.45% of the rural households were food insecure with a mean daily per capita energy consumption of 1403.56 Kcal. The result of the Tobit Regression Model identifies that the significant factors (p < 0.05) affecting the severity of food insecurity in the rural areas of Kwara State are the adjusted household size, food crop production loss and rural households’ consumption of cereals, legumes, root/tuber products, animal products, fats/oil and fruits. In order to improve the situation, this study recommends the need for increased production and improved processing of cereals and tubers among the rural households.

Mohammed-Lawal-and-Omotesho-2-JAAR-2010.pdf

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